Gutierrez et al (GRL 2011) pdf here; data here is another very high resolution alkenone series that is well-dated in the 20th century. It was taken in an upwelling zone offshore Peru at a similar latitude to Quelccaya.
Like the high-resolution series offshore Morocco and Namibia, it shows a sharp decline in alkenone-estimated SST in the 20th century, as illustated below. (The archived data has a little more coverage -back to ~1750.)
The authors survey temperature data at nearby stations (Callao, Pisco and a few others) and report slight cooling in the late 20th century. They suggest “ERA 40 reanalysis indicates its link [cooling] with intensified alongshore winds driving upwelling in spring”.
The closest Marcott proxy is GeoB7139-2, taken offshore Chile at approximately 30S. (A closer comparison would be nice.) This proxy is shown below. It only has two radiocarbon dates in the entire Holocene and only has resolution of ~520 years. (Stated data selection criteria are that “at least four age-control points span or closely bracket the full measured interval” and “sampling resolution is typically better than ~300 yr”.
Although we’ve been reassured by Marcott apologists of the ability of their data and method to capture any past upspike, one feels that this particular series will not be much help in that enterprise.
In Lonnie Thompson’s recent Quelccaya publication, Thompson estimated Nino3-4 SST. Needless to say, they don’t bear much similarity to the alkenone SSTs shown here.
Stepping back from Marcott, increased upwelling in the late 20th century seems to have occurred all over the globe. In addition to the upwelling sites surveyed here in the last couple of days (Morocco, Namibia, Peru), I’ve also seen 20th century declines in alkenone data offshore Iceland and, of course, in the two Marcott series where the decline was deleted: MD03-2421 offshore Japan and OCE326-GGC offshore eastern Canada, both of which I’ll now reconsider with this in mind.