I raise here a troubling issue pertaining to potential academic misconduct by the Euro Hockey Team. They stated:
The code used by MM2005 [the GRL article] is not, at the time of writing, available, ….
First, this statement is obviously untrue. The code used in McIntyre and McKitrick 2005 is available at the SI to the article which is cited in the publication. It is at ftp://ftp.agu.org/apend/gl/2004GL021750. (The code for MM05 (EE) is at http://www.climate2003.com/scripts/MM05_EE/ee2005.backup.txt as is the code for MM03). The Wegman Report specifically notes that they examined availability of our source code and confirmed that it was functional. Previously, Huybers examined our code as did Wahl and Ammann, neither of whom required any assistance from me. Huybers annotated the code in his Supplementary Information. So there is no possible question that this particular statement is false.
Given the fact that I’ve emphasized the importance of source code to determine what authors actually do, this untrue observation about supposed unavailability of code disparages Ross and myself.
We are the only authors that they criticize on this count. They didn’t comment on the unavailability of data or code from co-authors Briffa, Esper and Moberg or on Mann’s code and data. Esper never responded to any requests for data. It practically took a federal case with Science to get any data from him and it is still incomplete. Esper failed to provide any coherent explanation of his methodology, let alone source code. Briffa has never provided source code. Brifffa has even failed to even identify the sites in Briffa et al 2001 (which have been used in 6 other studies.) At this point, despite all the publicity, Mann has still not archived the actual results for his AD1400 step through to 1980 and the Euro Team didn’t collect it.
Standard definitions of academic misconduct include the following definitions:
1. Fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting them.
2. Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.
It appears possible to me that that (a) their false allegation that the source code for McIntyre and McKitrick was unavailable at the time of writing; and/or (b) their failure to report that data and code from Briffa, Esper, Moberg, etc was unavailable at the time of writing, are, either jointly or severally, fabrication and/or falsification within standard definitions of academic misconduct.
"Honest error" or "difference of opinion" are defences to a charge of academic misconduct. However, the availability of source code is not a "difference of opinion" and, given their isolation of us for criticism, it is hard for me to picture how they could put forward a defence that the error was an "honest error" or one that could have been made with even the most cursory due diligence at the SI.
Is it plausible that none of the Euro Hockey Team co-authors were aware of this "inaccurate representation of the research record"? I list them below with their affiliations:
M. N. Juckes, British Atmospheric Data Centre, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK
M. R. Allen, Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics, University of Oxford, UK,
K. R. Briffa, Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia, UK,
J. Esper, Swiss Federal Research Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape, Bern University, Switzerland
G. C. Hegerl, Dept. Earth and Ocean Sciences, Duke University, NC, USA,
A. Moberg, Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Sweden,
T. J. Osborn, Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia, UK
S. L. Weber, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, The Netherlands
E. Zorita,GKSS Research Centre, Geesthacht, Germany
I sent the following email today to Martin Juckes, copy to the other coauthors:
Dear Dr Juckes,
In your recent submission to Climate of the Past, now available for comment on the Internet, you make the following untrue and defamatory statement:
"The code used by MM2005 [the GRL article] is not, at the time of writing, available, …. "
As you either know or should know, the code used in McIntyre and McKitrick 2005 is available at the Supplementary Information to the article at ftp://ftp.agu.org/apend/gl/2004GL021750, as is made clear in the article itself. (The code for MM05 (EE) and MM03 (EE) are at http://www.climate2003.com/scripts/MM05_EE and http://www.climate2003.com/scripts/MM03 respectively). The Wegman Report specifically noted that they verified availability of our source code at the time of their report last summer. Previously, both Huybers and Wahl and Ammann had examined the source code, neither of whom required any assistance from me. Huybers annotated the code in his Supplementary Information.
Given our emphasis on making source code available, your purpose in making this untrue statement was to disparage us, especially when you isolated us for criticism while omitting to report the actual unavailability of data and code from authors in the field, including your coauthors.
I request that you withdraw this allegation from your submission to Climates of the Past on or before November 2, 2006 or I will take such other steps as I see fit.