There is an interesting collection of data from 223 Russian stations here mentioned by both Jerry Brennan and myself. These 223 stations are precisely the same as the 223 stations in CDIAC’s NDP048, conveniently listed here . CDIAC NDP-048 includes an extensive discussion of station history.
The versions at meteo.ru typically go to 1995, while NDP048 stops in 1990. The data at meteo.ru is stored in files coded by WMO number. Nicholas has kindly developed a method of reading the zip data into R. I’ve applied this to make a function read.meteo (see first post below) which will return an annualized anomaly series from the meteo.ru zip files. I’ve done similar functions for HadCRU3, GHCN v2 and will post up a collation of these functions some time.
Nicholas has also developed a method for downloading GISS station data directly from R. I’ll post this up as accessing GISS station data has been exceedingly frustrating since there is no large data archive and, without Nicholas’ skill, you have to do this manually through the web page.